“Hi, my name is Hank, and I am addicted to Sad Panda’s orange chicken.”
Yeah, I admit it: I am a sucker for this crack-like approximation of Chinese food sold at Panda Express all over the country. I have no idea whether so-called orange chicken actually exists in China, although there is a vaguely similar dish called tangerine beef I like a lot.
If you somehow have never had it, orange chicken consists of pieces of chicken, usually thigh, marinated and coated in a batter then fried crisp, then tossed in a zippy, citrusy sauce that ranges from pleasantly sweet to cloying depending on who makes it. Some varieties also add chiles to balance things out.
If Panda does this, I can’t tell, so when I am there I always order it with some other entree that has those little dried chiles in it. I then bite off a piece of the chile and take a bite from a piece of orange chicken. The sweet-hot-sour is an addictive combination.
I didn’t set out to mimic Sad Panda’s recipe when I designed this rendition. I actually had a pretty pheasant breast recipe in mind, but found that when I thawed the breasts, they were kinda torn up. Not pretty enough for what I had in mind.
When this happens, Chinese food is one great way to go — everything’s cut into bits! So orange chicken it would be. My recipe is an amalgam of many I read up on, including purported Panda mimics. I also added some actual Chinese elements from what may be the dish’s origin, the tangerine beef I mentioned above.
The result is basically an “adult” version of Panda’s orange chicken. The crust isn’t as thick, but it’s crispier. The sauce isn’t as sweet, there’s significant heat from the chiles, and a bigger orange flavor from the juice, marmalade and the peel.
What’s more, the slivered peel adds a touch of bitterness that deepens the flavor of it all. If you loathe any sort of bitter, leave out the peel or just don’t eat it — treat it like a bay leaf.
Once you get the hang of this, which takes maybe twice, you will want it more and more and more. It is almost as addictive as my General Tso’s Pheasant. Almost…
Chinese Orange Pheasant
Clearly this recipe can be done with any white meat, not just pheasant. Chicken is of course traditional, but it will work with boneless rabbit, grouse, partridge (chukar), quail or turkey, too. The optional ingredients — white pepper, tangerine peel and green onions — give the dish a more Chinese feel, but are not often seen in American Chinese restaurants. As for the tangerine peel, in China they dry the peel and store them for a very long time, years even. They then soak the peel in water to soften, then slice it thin. I like it a lot. What’s more, using the water you soaked the peel in to make up some of the orange juice or starch slurry adds even more flavor.
I personally like this dish sweet and hot. But some people just like sweet, and that’s OK. You should know this is not as sweet as Panda Express. To get there you will need another tablespoon or even two of honey or marmalade. And if you like a thicker crust, add a couple tablespoons of flour to the corn starch you toss the pheasant in.
Prep Time: 20 minutes
Cook Time: 15 minutes
- 2 tablespoons soy sauce
- 2 tablespoons rice wine or vermouth or dry sherry
- 2 teaspoons minced ginger
- 1 garlic clove, minced
- 1/4 teaspoon white pepper (optional)
- 2 eggs, lightly beaten
- 1 tablespoon soy sauce
- 2/3 cup orange juice, ideally fresh squeezed
- 1 tablespoon honey
- 1 tablespoon marmalade
- 1 tablespoon rice vinegar
- Drizzle of sesame oil
- 1 to 5 small, dried hot chiles, broken up and seeds discarded
- 1 tablespoon tangerine peel, thinly sliced (optional)
- 1 to 1 1/2 pounds pheasant (or other white meat) cubed
- 1/4 cup, plus another tablespoon, corn, tapioca or potato starch
- 2 cups cooking oil
- Chopped green onions (optional)
- Mix all the marinade ingredients together with the pheasant pieces; make sure each piece gets coated. Set aside while you prep everything else, about 20 minutes. For the sauce, mix the soy, orange juice, marmalade and vinegar together and set aside. Mix the 1 tablespoon of corn starch with about 2 tablespoons water in a little bowl and set aside.
- Heat the oil in a wok or small, heavy pot to 350°F to 360°F. Set a baking sheet nearby and line it with paper towels. While the oil is heating, toss the pheasant pieces with the 1/4 cup of corn starch. (This is a messy process, so you’ll need to wash your hands at some point.) When the oil is hot, fry the pheasant in 3 to 4 batches until golden brown, about 3 to 5 minutes per batch. As each batch finishes, set it in the baking sheet to drain.
- After you’ve fried all the pheasant, pour out the oil into a glass or metal container; you can strain and reuse it later. Rinse the wok and wipe it out with paper towels, then set it back on very high heat. Add about 2 tablespoons of oil from the container you just used. When it’s hot, add the chiles and tangerine peel and stir-fry for 30 seconds. Add the pheasant back to the wok and the ingredients for the sauce you mixed together earlier. Stir fry this for a few seconds. Now, start stirring the corn starch slurry, and, while still stirring, pour it over the meat. Stir fry until it gets thick, a couple seconds. Drizzle the sesame oil over everything, give it one more toss and serve immediately.