Fresh Salmon Patties
February 05, 2019 | Updated March 27, 2021
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One of the cooler things to do when you catch a salmon (or any large fish, really) is to harvest “spoon meat” to make fresh salmon patties. I say “fresh” because many people make salmon patties from canned salmon.
That “spoon meat” I’m talking about is when you use a spoon to scrape down the carcass, leaving it almost totally clean — and you with lots of meat you might otherwise throw away.
On a salmon, this meat is unusually fatty, and makes great patties or cakes. (It also makes a great salmon tartare, too.) What’s the difference between a salmon patty and a salmon cake? To me, it’s mostly a matter of the binder. Fish cakes to my mind have mashed potato or lots of bread or breadcrumbs in them, where patties are more meat-centric.
Possibly it is a distinction without a difference, who knows?
It is tricky to make fresh salmon patties that hold together without some sort of binder, however, so I do use a little bit of torn-up bread and one egg white — just enough to keep the patties moist and together. These still have a good feel to them, though.
My salmon patties have a Scandinavian feel to them, with a bit of sour cream and dill. Salmon + sour cream + dill = a perfect combination to my mind. The little bit of sour cream in the patty helps keep it moister; dried out salmon patties are a sad thing, but all too common.
I also go bunless, serve fresh salmon patties with a zippy summer salad and top everything with a little homemade salmon caviar. It’s as close to spa food as I get: Light, relatively low in fat, clean.
Incidentally, if you want to buy some of the finest salmon in the world, salmon that I had a hand in catching, you can order it online from Taku River Reds, the fishing cooperative out of Juneau, Alaska I work for in the summertime. If you order whole fish (they’re all cleaned on the boat, many by me!), it’s cheaper — and you get that awesome spoon meat!
Salmon Patties with Fennel-Watercress Salad
- 1 1/2 pounds salmon
- 2 pieces of bread, crust removed and torn to bits
- 2 tablespoons minced onion
- 1 egg white
- 1 teaspoon white pepper
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 2 tablespoons sour cream
- 2 tablespoons dill, chopped
- Salmon caviar (optional)
- 1 fennel bulb, sliced thin
- 1/2 red onion, sliced thin
- Juice of 2 lemons
- 1 cucumber, peeled if the skin is bitter
- 1 tablespoon pickled mustard seeds (optional)
- Salt and black pepper
- 2 teaspoons sugar
- 3 tablespoons sunflower walnut or squash seed oil
- 2 cups watercress
- Either grind your salmon, the onion and the bread through the fine die of the grinder (how I do it), or pulse it a few times in a food processor. Put the mixture in a bowl and mix in the egg white, white pepper, salt, sour cream and dill. Form into patties. Put the patties in the fridge while you make the salad.
- Toss the sliced fennel and red onion with a little salt and the lemon juice and let it marinate for 20 minutes. Cut the cucumber lengthwise and remove the seeds with a spoon. Slice it thinly and add it to the bowl with the fennel and onion. Stir in the pickled mustard seeds, black pepper, sugar and sunflower oil and set aside.
- I like to grill my salmon burgers. Get your grill very hot and scrape down the grates with a wire brush. Dip a paper towel into some vegetable oil and use tongs to wipe down the grill grates. Set the salmon patties on the grill and cook with the grill cover up for about 3 minutes. Flip and grill for another 3 minutes or so.
- When you are ready to serve, toss the watercress in with the rest of the salad and serve with the salmon patties. Top the patties with the salmon caviar if you have it.
Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.
Made these again last night, using brown trout, for a family get together. Everyone liked them. I’m saving my trout carcasses for making Hank’s Salmon Chowder (& broth), so I used a couple whole filets and cut them into pieces before running everything through the food processor. We used a hot griddle on the grill as we were worried about the patties breaking apart, but they held together very nicely.
If you haven’t tried this recipe and the chowder/broth recipes, you need to. They are both excellent!
Delicious! I subbed arugula for the watercress, really love it.
Great recipe. Made a few minor tweaks – added green onion and served with warm garlic butter on top. Fantastic recipe as always Hank!
Made this recipe with some fresh coho, and how cow were they fantastic! Light but lots of flavor. I need to get back to the river to catch more fish for more spoon meat!
Right or wrong I used this recipe as the base for a pan full of salmon meatballs I made to add to Hank’s Crab Pasta recipe, I used ground King because I have a few of them around here in Juneau these days. I accidentally overcooked them but they still turned out amazing especially when covered in a heaving coating of crab pasta sauce! The only thing missing was the Bottarga which is kinda hard to come by and I am finding is even trickier to make.
I learned how to “scrape” salmon carcass last year from a family friend in Gustavus, Alaska they called it “Salmon Scrapple”. I coincidently found this Recipe and fell in love. We normally eat these like burgers with a spicy mayo or tartar sauce. My wife prefers to avoid the bun and loves the watercress salad, or when the chef is feeling lazy just a simple lettuce wrap.
This is my go-to template for salmon patties – I do swap in potato flakes for the bread though. Also, since dairy and I aren’t friends these days I’ve swapped the sour cream for home made mayo, or nut based yoghurt, or even a mild aioli. Works well regardless, with slight tweaks to balance moisture.