Hunting Oregon Truffles


As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

an Oregon black truffle
Photo by Chris Baron

The spot near the Douglas fir clearly had drawn the attention of some digging animal in the recent past. Hmmmm… Good place to seek our quarry. I gently raked the duff away from the base of the tree and a lump fell out. I gasped involuntarily and dropped to my knees.

black truffle in the duff
Photo by Chris Baron

There it was, for all the world looking like a lump of coal. But this was no clod of earth or chip of anthracite. It was an Oregon black truffle the size of a small egg. No, definitely not coal. More like a diamond.

Finally, after hours of fruitless digging, I had found what we were looking for, leucangia carthusiana, the Oregon black truffle. At more than $300 a pound, the allusion to a diamond is not that far off. Even though that’s five times cheaper than European black truffles, it’s still enough to make this delicacy beyond my reach.

That is, until Jack Czarnecki invited me up to Oregon to chase the elusive truffle. Czarnecki may be the world’s leading expert on the culinary aspects of Oregon truffles, and he is the maker of what I consider the finest truffle oil anywhere.

Truffles, both black and white, are among the world’s great ingredients, and are a food that evokes the carnal more than anything except, perhaps, chocolate. A truffle’s secret isn’t its good looks, which range from a turd in the case of black truffles to a dirty snowball in the case of whites.

Nope, the secret to the truffle’s vaunted sex appeal is its aroma. Every variety of truffle wears a different cologne, and arguments rage over whether the white or black truffle possesses the most captivating scent — and while some say the European truffles are vastly superior to our Oregon truffles, I would politely disagree. I’ve had the pleasure of them all, and put the Oregon white truffle at the top of the list; this is the truffle Czarnecki uses to make his oil.

Jack and I would hunt for both kinds this weekend, and I was getting more and more excited as I drove north past the Cascades and up through the Willamette Valley to Czarnecki’s home in Dundee. Every time I get the chance to search for, learn about and play with a new ingredient — especially a wild ingredient — I dance a little dance inside my head. North America is home to so many world-class native foods, and these truffles are among the finest.

We woke early that first morning to head out to Jack’s black truffle spot. Apparently all truffles live under fir trees, but black truffles like older firs while white truffles prefer younger ones. When we arrived, the forest was breathtaking, ancient-looking even though it was a stand of second-growth trees. It looked like something a velociraptor might live in. Or a truffle.

the truffle woods
Photo by Chris Baron

You hunt truffles by looking around the bases of the trees for signs that a squirrel or other critter has dug there recently. Squirrels love truffles even more than they do nuts, and will often chew up the ground where truffles grow to the point where you can see it.

You then take a garden rake and gently scrape at the duff to reveal the chocolate-colored soil beneath. Most times you are greeted by nothing, or maybe a curled-up centipede. But every so often, you spot a darker dark in the duff, a glint, or a sheen of something different. No matter how many truffles I found, this moment never got old: Every time, I literally fell to my knees to get close to the truffle, which would be embedded in the soil. Every time, I’d carefully, carefully remove the soil around the truffle — the same way a paleontologist removes the rock from the fossil of a velociraptor — hoping, praying that the truffle would be large.

Some black truffles are mere peanuts. Most are the size of a jawbreaker candy. A few are the size of golf balls, eggs or, once in Jack’s experience, a softball. Truffle hunting is a tantalizing combination of archaeology, panning for gold, raking a garden bed — and shopping at the finest gourmet market in the world. It is a rush of the highest order.

Black Truffle
Photo by Tyler Swank

Jack and I wound up with maybe 20 or so black truffles apiece, and Jack’s friend Dick turned out to be high digger with at least 40 of the black diamonds. He’s been wanting to slice some black truffles thinly, then slip them under the skin of a chicken headed to the oven. It’s a classic truffle dish, and I plan to do it with a pheasant, or, better yet, a ruffed grouse — the king of forest game birds marries the king of forest mushrooms.

Wet, a little cold, and a lot happy, Jack and I headed from the woods to his restaurant, the Joel Palmer House, where his son Chris served us a fine mushroom-based meal that ranged from a candy cap martini to a rich mushroom tart to a shockingly good matsutake chowder; I say shockingly because it was a cream-based chowder, and I’d never liked matsutake mushrooms with cream before that night.

Hank Shaw and Jack Czarnecki hunting truffles
Photo by Chris Baron

One of the topics of the dinner’s conversation was the next day’s hunt, which would be for white truffles. “Oh, you’re going to love white truffle hunting,” Jack said. He said finding whites was far easier, and the rush was less of pure discovery than it was of something else. Exactly what he did not say.

Morning came and we headed back out into the woods, this time a far younger and less wild stand of fir trees. Jack handed me a rake and we walked into the gloom of the understory. Day turned to twilight as we began moving duff around. White truffles are very close to the surface, Jack said, so be even more careful when raking.

He was right. He was also right about white truffles being easier to find than black ones. Where it took me nearly two hours to find my first black truffle, it took me less than two minutes to find my first white one.

oregon white truffle
Photo by Chris Baron

Thank heaven white truffles are white. I have no idea how many black truffles I unearthed but never saw — spotting black truffle on dark chocolate earth is no easy feat. But I did not miss many white ones, which shone like an apparition in the gloom.

Soon I began to accumulate truffles, one after another.

jug of white truffles
Photo by Chris Baron

Then I realized what Jack had meant by saying that white truffles provide a different rush. Discovery was easy. This high was all about greed. Several times Jack stood up with a half dollar-sized truffle and said, “More! I want more!” He was only half-joking. I soon surpassed my total haul of black truffles from the previous day. But I wanted more. I wanted to fill the milk jugs we used to hold the bounty.

I found myself locked in the grips of a full-on greed high. “How many pounds would it take to fill this jug?” I asked Jack. He said about four. Four pounds. More than $1,200 worth of truffles. Now I know the pull this feeling has on gold miners, crab fishermen, Gollum. It becomes all-encompassing, filling your mind. We raked and raked for what seemed like — and was, in fact — hours.

Somehow I finally came to my senses. Maybe it was the croak of the raven sitting bemused in the tree above me. Ravens are most sensible birds, after all. Maybe through all those croaks I finally heard it saying, “enough.” I looked at my jug. Almost exactly half-full. Enough.

Time to cook. Fresh truffles, it seems, rarely possess the aroma we all lust after. They must be washed, then carefully dried and stored in the fridge to cure. Only after several days, sometimes weeks even, will they reach their full bloom. Thankfully, Jack had some already ready at his restaurant.

I told him I wanted to recreate one of the great eating experiences of my life, a white truffle risotto I’d eaten at a little restaurant on Long Island, many years ago. That dish had been covered in slivers of Alba white truffles. The aroma of that rice still haunts me.

So I made a very basic risotto, with butter and white wine and a little Parmigiano cheese. Right at the end I stirred in Jack’s truffle oil, then shaved white truffles all over the rice.

I took a bite. Creamy, rice firm yet yielding, rich with butter and oil and cheese tempered ever so slightly by the acidity of an Oregon Pinot Blanc, the truffle slices dancing feathers on my tongue. I inhaled. God, the aroma! Funky, garlicky, floral. It reminded me of the sweat of a woman. So good, so simple, so worth every effort to make. I ate the rest of the plate eyes shut, without speaking.

Oregon white truffle risotto
Photo by Chris Baron


You May Also Like

Elderflower Syrup

Elderflower syrup is a classic use for these incredibly aromatic flowers of spring. Use this to make homemade soda, add it to gin, or make it into a sorbet.

Chinese Scallion Pancakes

Chinese style scallion pancakes — really flatbreads — are super easy to make and are a dangerously addicting snack.

Pasta Primavera

Classic pasta primavera the way Le Cirque used to make it back in the 1970s: Angel hair with fresh spring vegetables and cream.

Wild Rice Hotdish

Can you get any more Minnesota than wild rice hotdish? Pretty sure you can’t. This easy comfort food casserole is a hat tip to the North Star State, and can be made “wilder” with venison and wild mushrooms.

About Hank Shaw

Hey there. Welcome to Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, the internet’s largest source of recipes and know-how for wild foods. I am a chef, author, and yes, hunter, angler, gardener, forager and cook. Follow me on Instagram and on Facebook.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


  1. About ten years ago I cleared a tangle of Himalaya blackberry vines to plant a garden. When I uprooted the vines I found a couple dozen small light-brown truffles. The insides of the truffles were like under-cooked potatoes; white, granular, and somewhat firm, with no perceptible odor. I tasted some, and it was bland. I assume that, whatever species of truffle they were, they were not ripe. Yes, I know that there are many species of ‘truffles’ belonging to many mushroom families.

  2. We found what looked like white truffles on my brothers property but when we cut them in half they were black on the in side and some were white tan on the inside what could the ones that are black inside be

  3. Whew, we just came back from truffle hunting at my relative’s property. They have a tree farm near Harlan and a local that has experience hunting truffles pointed out some areas where truffles might be. He said fir trees with ferns under them. We raked several spots but have up after a few hours. We came back empty handed. I wonder if the soil had to be drier, our spot was very mossy.

    I was concerned with the raking impact and tried to be careful not to break roots and kept the raked areas small, hope it wasn’t bad.

  4. we went to a truffle conference in Oregon and learned that raking, like having female pigs root for truffles, can damage the ecosystem for the parent plant (For lack of a better word).
    Little baby black truffles are not ready. if they are not offgassing, harvesting them prematurely is sort of like picking a green tomato.

    Smelling them should indicate when they’re ready to go .

    I could be wrong on this, but sustainable truffle hunting, I believe, involves harvesting the mature truffles, not everything in a bed.

    1. Sheldon: There’s a debate over this, but it’s moot for me. I haven’t bothered with truffles in the eight years since I wrote this piece. They are not my favorite.

  5. For the cautious…any wild mushrooms that look enough like Oregon white truffles (and are poisonous) to watch out for? What definitive identifiers would confirm safe edibility?

  6. Hunting truffles now a days is likely becoming a trend not just because of the the variety of culinary use of it but it also comes with a very high price tag. A lot of people would pay extra just to get a hold of a very delicious, delicate, and hard to find truffles. On the question how expensive truffles really are, you can read and watch this article about truffle hunting to learn more here

  7. I was lucky enough to find a single white truffle in my backyard one year, when I was just lightly digging around near a fir tree to find a place to plant something else. First I thought it was a rock… then I brought it in the house, washed it off, and realized it wasn’t a rock. 😀 I had never seen a whole truffle before, but I “sensed” that’s what it was (then googled it). I sliced it very thin and made a most wonderful truffle spaghetti sauce and a truffle omelette. THEY WERE SO DELICIOUS! So yeah, I definitely want to find a few more, at least for my kitchen. 🙂

  8. I am in Cove Orchard; have 40 ac of fir and some old native oak left standing. How could I go hunting with you? I would be totally OK to do so on my property. Have a 6 yr standard poodle who loves to dig, now he must learn what to dig for. There are families of blue-grey large squirrel and of course the deer, bobcat. the trees are estimated to be 35-50 yrs and self planted mostly from old grazing land, but most of it is steep hillside. I would love the community and join the fun as I am way up here in heaven already. 🙂 Jean

  9. I live in Idaho. I have found what looks like a potato half buried & half out of the ground. It smells like a mushroom, & has roots on the bottom. I was always taught not to eat any mushroom that I was not familiar with. How would I know if it was a truffle? I found one a week ago & a couple today.

  10. would like to start hunting truffels as a hobby and need info. on places to go.I live in eugene,so if any one is of the sharing nature,please drop me a line.thank you….les

  11. Using a trained dog is the most sustainable and effective way to hunt truffles. The dog will take you right to the RIPE truffles (the underripe ones lack aroma and flavor, and should be left in the ground to mature), and you won’t be destroying the habitat by raking around in the soil. This means you won’t be reducing the yield in subsequent years. Plus which, dogs are delightful hiking companions, even if you don’t find anything.

  12. I was Deer hunting with my Boys on the East side of the Cascades.I am a mushroom hunter so I keep my eyes peeled for edible Mushrooms. I was standing by this tree and I saw a small bulge in the leaves and soil, so I dug it up. It was a Truffle. It had the most wonderful and unforgetable smell. I can still smell it in my mind. It was a Black truffle,weighed about three ounces. I thought little of it at the time as I was preoccupied with deer hunting. The woods were a mixture of Fir and Pine. The smell of that small item has stayed with me. This year I am going to make a real effort to find some. The smell was to die for. So aromatic. It was the end of September. I can identify most edible Mushrooms in Oregon. Believe or not, one of the best to eat is the simple Puff Ball or Great Western. I have found Great Western’s in the Umpqua basin that were bigger then Basketballs. You must pick them when they are firm. I don’t walk over things anymore.

  13. I have the great fortune of living here in S.Oregon and I do quite well for several orms of fungai morals,chantrelles,shaggy manes, white and black truffles I am basically in the the 2 to 4k in elev. and mostly in d.fir and oak,madrone and pine and in the deep dark wet ferny areas in deer season I have found where deer have dug chantrelles and truffles and eaten them and you can actually smell the pungent odor in the areas where they are heavy and the odor is so hard to explain the sweet sweat the garlicky onion like blue cheese most wonderful aroma therapy I have ever known…..almost 😉

  14. Hank
    once again your an inspiration, I’ve got access to two patches that seem promising and you’ve spurred me on.

    happy new year fella

  15. Wow! What a discovery!! You must be ecstatic! You sound like so much fun! I will come back and visit Often!! Thank you so much for Sharing and May God Bless You and Yours This Holiday Season! <3 Tina