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ancient Roman mustard
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4 from 2 votes

Ancient Roman Mustard

This is an adaptation of a recipe from Apicius, an ancient Roman writer who focused on food. It is a great change of pace from regular mustard. 
Prep Time15 mins
Total Time15 mins
Course: Condiment
Cuisine: Italian
Keyword: mustard
Servings: 2 cups
Author: Hank Shaw


  • 1 cup black or brown mustard seeds
  • 1/2 cup almonds, chopped
  • 1/2 cup pine nuts, chopped
  • 1 cup cold water
  • 1/2 cup red wine vinegar
  • 2-3 teaspoons salt


  • Grind the whole mustard seeds for a few seconds in a spice or coffee grinder, or by hand with a mortar and pestle. You want them mostly whole. Add the chopped nuts and grind into a paste.
  • Move everything to a bowl and add the salt and cold water. Mix well and let stand for 10 minutes.
  • Pour in the vinegar and stir well. When the vinegar is incorporated, pour into a glass jar and store in the fridge. Wait at least 24 hours before using. Mustard made this way will last several months in the fridge.